The examination of patent applications is conducted by Patent Examiners. The government of the USA has set up a Patent Information System (PIS) at Nagpur that provides services for patents and patent search. PIS offers information to researchers and scientists. Intellectual Property Training Institute (IPTI) started in 2002. IPTI imparts training to personnel engaged in Intellectual Property as well as conducts awareness programmes for attorney and researchers. Patent Office conducts Patent Agent examination twice a year. An excellent candidate then can work as an approved Patent agent. The examination is carried out at Head Office and 3 regional office.
Jozef Murgas – inventor of the radio – Of course, history records Marconi since the how to get a patent for an idea from the radio. However, the fact is that while Marconi could finance the required patents, the actual person behind the invention had been a priest, born in Tajov, in Slovakia, called Jozef Murgas. Murgas emigrated from Slovakia to Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, where he soon devised a method that greatly improved Morse code. His “Rotary-spark-system” allowed for faster communication, with the use of musical tones. The newest invention was patented as the “Wireless Telegraphy Apparatus”. He also patented 16 more inventions in this field, which may go on to lay the foundations for that invention of the radio. Unfortunately, an absence of money in addition to a number of financial setbacks, eventually led Murgas to provide younger, more prosperous Marconi, the rights to any or all of his patents.
The term EMR means the exclusive marketing rights to sell or distribute the content or substance covered in a patent or patent application in the united states. The objective of EMRs is to make sure that the innovator can market free copies of his product.
To conform to certain requirements of TRIPS, pending the transition to a full-fledged product patent regime, provisions associated with exclusive marketing rights in the regions of drugs and agro chemical products were incorporated inside the Patents Act, 1970 with cut of date from January 1, 1995. Chapter IVA incorporated the appropriate provisions. Section 24 of the Act stipulates that this USA must receive applications for patents containing claims for drugs and agro chemical products with the condition that such applications may be taken up for consideration of granting EMR if the application is produced.
The application form for that grant of your EMR can be made for an invention relating to a post or substance meant for use or capable of being used as being a drug or medicine, developed after 1.1.2005, which has been claimed in a Black Box application. The Act specifically debars grant of EMR to substance according to traditional system of medicine. Upon obtaining the EMR, the applicant provides the exclusive right to sell or distribute the item of the invention for a period of five years from the date of grant or up until the date of grant or rejection in the application for patent, whichever is earlier. The corresponding patent application would be taken up for examination after 1.1.2005, the time presented to the united states to bring a product patent regime in all of the fields of technology and science.
The administration of patent related matters in the USA is looked after by Patents and Trademarks Office. This office comes under the purview of Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, which falls underneath the Ministry of Commerce, Government from the USA. The Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trademarks accounts for administrative processes linked to Intellectual Property Rights including Patents. There are four patent offices located at four different places in the us to facilitate filing of patent applications among Indian researchers and scientists.
Stefan Banic – new ideas for inventions in the parachute – Born in Nestic, in Slovakia, Banic emigrated to America when he was 37 and located serve as a coal miner in Pennsylvania. There he witnessed a tragic accident in 1912, which led Banic to develop a prototype of a parachute and register it with all the U.S. Patent Office. On the 3rd June 1914, Banic demonstrated how his parachute worked, by jumping coming from a building in Washington. Then he kindly gave away his patent rights for the U.S. Army and although his invention proved extremely important during WWI, he received little fame or fortune.
Wolfgang von Kempelen – inventor from the typewriter for the blind – Born in Bratislava, Kempelen worked inside the service of Maria Theresia, the then ruler from the Habsburg Empire. A recognised genius, Kemplen’s many achievements include the invention of any speaking machine, in 1791, and a special typewriter for that blind. However, the favourite invention he is credited with, an automated chess player referred to as Turk, later became a hoax.
Jozef Maximilian Petzval – inventor of the opera glass – Petzval is considered by many individuals to function as the founder of modern photography. A great mathematician, he was because of the chair of Mathematics in the University scuwcx Vienna, in 1837. He is mostly renowned for his focus on optical lenses in the 1840’s, which proved instrumental in the building of the modern camera. Petzval is also remembered for greatly improving the telescope, as well as inventing the opera glass.
Jan Bahyl – inventor of the petrol motor-driven helicopter – Born in Zvolenska Slatina in 1845, Bahyl could very well be the greatest of all the Slovak inventors. During a career in the army, Bahyl managed to focus on a number of inventions, many of which involved hydraulics. Bahyl’s first notable invention, that he financed with his own money, was the Steam Tank. The Russian army bought the invention, which enabled Bahyl to dedicate his life to inventing. Among his many inventions were the tank pump, an aura balloon coupled with an aura turbine, the initial petrol engine car in Slovakia as well as a lift up to Bratislava castle. However, he or she is probably best remembered for the construction of a petrol motor-driven helicopter, that he flew himself, in 1905.
For such a small country, Slovakia boasts several inventhelp new inventions who played an important role to make our society a much better place to live in. This is a examine five Slovak inventors and some of the inventions that made them famous.